Jacksonville FL History

Part 3

15336.43      Robert 7 BIGELOW, was the son of  Benjamin 6 ( Paul 5 , Cornelius 4, Samuel 3, Samuel 2, John 1) and Eunice (AIKEN) BIGELOW, was born 17 October 1797 at Norfolk, Litchfield, CT.
There is an interesting oral history about Jacksonville that mentions the Bigelow Plantation:
There is more history of Jacksonville including cemeteries and houses including Robert Bigelow at jackvil4.htm
Florida's Historic Periods

              Historians and historical anthropologists divide the past in chronological segments. The two
            major divisions are the prehistoric and historic eras. The historic era begins with written recording
            of what occurred in human events,. In Florida that time is generally defined as somewhere between
            1513, when Ponce de Leon led the European discovery of Florida, and 1565, when The Spanish
            settlement of St. Augustine was founded.
              The historic era is, in turn, divided into five periods, three of them falling within the colonial
            occupation (1565-1821) and two within the post-colonial era. Each is marked by a decisive change in
            the political organization of the peninsula.

              First Spanish Period (1565-1764): The longest period yet, this era began with the founding of St.
            Augustine and ended when Spain relinquished ownership of the colony to England.

              British Period (1765-1784): The British divided the peninsula into two colonies: East Florida,
            governed from St. Augustine and reaching to the Apalachicola River; and West Florida, governed
            from Pensacola and including lands west of that river. The British returned the Floridas to Spain as
            a part of the settlement ending the American War of Independence.

              Second Spanish Period (1785-1821): A politically enfeebled Spanish Crown, beset by colonial
            insurrection and French invasion in Europe, clung to its Florida colonies only tenuously. It relinquished
            its claims to the United States under the terms of the Adams- Onis Treaty of 1819.

              Territorial Period (1821-1845): Florida remained a territorial possession of the United States for
            twenty-four years, before it gained sufficient population to earn statehood.

              Statehood (after 1845): This period is further compartmentalized by historians, the chronology
            depending upon one's historical perspective. Familiar eras they employ include the Civil War,
            Reconstruction, the Great Land Boom of the 1920s, and the Great Depression.

                      Colonial Period (1565-1821)
            The first European attempt at settlement in what is now the continental United States was planted on the south bank of the St. Johns River. Three French ships arrived at the mouth of the St. Johns River in 1562, carrying a small force commanded by Jean Ribault. The expedition's sponsor, the admiral of France, Gaspard de Coligny sought to expand France's interests at the expense of its rival, Spain. The expedition ended in failure. A second group of soldiers and settlers, including four women, commanded by Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere, sailed through the river's mouth in 1564 to a site about five miles inland. There, on the south bank of the river, they constructed a wooden fort, which they named Fort Caroline. It consisted of palm-thatched buildings surrounded by a triangular-shaped wall of earth and logs.
Fort Caroline National Memorial The fort was built in the form of a triangle.
The two sides facing the land were protected by a moat, steep walls and large cannons.
The third side, protected by the river, needed only a high verticle plank wall.

     A modern reconstruction of the fort, managed by the U.S. National Park Service sits near the site of the original settlement. Ribault brought another company of soldiers and artisans, along with seventy additional women, to Fort Caroline in 1565. They moved at once to strengthen defenses, knowing the Spanish would eventually attempt to drive them from the peninsula. The Spanish had at the same time decided to establish a position in northeast Florida. Upon receiving reports of the French settlement, King Philip II ordered his commander, Pedro Menendez, one of Spain's most able naval officers, to destroy it. In September 1565, Menendez and a large band of soldiers and colonists landed at what is now St. Augustine, established a base, and promptly undertook an expedition northward to attack Fort Caroline. After driving out the French, Menendez garrisoned the fort with Spanish soldiers and renamed the position San Mateo. In subsequent engagements at the Matanzas Inlet and Cape Canaveral, Menendez annihilated the French survivors. A major legacy of the Fort Caroline experience was a set of drawings of Timuquan Indians made by Jacques Le Moyne, an artist who accompanied the second expedition. LeMoyne escaped to France before the destruction of the outpost. He eventually published forty-two drawings that he made in Florida.
LeMoyne's work provides the earliest account of aboriginal life in North America and one of the most graphic descriptions of Indians produced at any point during the North American colonial era.

Le Moyne's drawings of the Timuquan Indians were first published in Frankfurt, Germany in 1591.

.............The original plat for Floral Bluff was filed March 1, 1887 by Gilbert Shepard. The plat contained merely four blocks, which ran east from the landing in the St. John's River along the north edge of what is today Arlington Road. The principal early nineteenth century resident of Floral Bluff was Robert Bigelow (1797-1868), a trustee of the Francis Richard estate, who constructed a large residence on the heights, overlooking the river. An extensive orange grove surrounded his house, extending to the water's edge. Bigelow's house and plantation, later called the Bacon Place, provided the location for many moving pictures filmed in Jacksonville and Arlington during the short period between 1915 and 1920 when the industry prospered in the two communities. His daughter, Eugenia Bigelow (1837-1898), taught at the Egleston Heights public school in 1890. (this must be a twin of Eugene, not previously known..ROD)
........Arlington's Cemeteries: The 1995 historic survey recorded eight historic cemeteries in Arlington. The origin of three of the cemeteries, the Sammis Family Cemetery in the Clifton area, The Bigelow Family Cemetery along Floral Bluff Avenue, and the Parsons Cemetery north of Fort Caroline Road, date to the pre-Civil War period. Surviving headstones and grave markers feature the names of many of Arlington's early residents, some of whom played instrumental roles in the history of Jacksonville and Florida. The Parson's Cemetery, for example, is the final resting place of Mary Dorcas Parsons Broward, mother of early twentieth century Florida Governor Napoleon B. Broward.
continued on jackvil4.htm ...............

Modified - 01/19/2003
(c) Copyright 2003 Bigelow Society, Inc. All rights reserved.
Rod  Bigelow - Director
< rodbigelow@netzero.net >

Rod Bigelow (Roger Jon12 BIGELOW)

P.O. Box 13  Chazy Lake
Dannemora, N.Y. 12929
< rodbigelow@netzero.net >