Timothy C. Bigelow

Timothy L. Bigelow
Timothy C. Bigelow
Timothy L. Bigelow

Timothy Clippinger 7 BIGELOW,

The day of  the Percheron work-horse is long past, the John Deere tractor having superseded the quadrupled except in those advertisements featuring Clydesdales and Percherons pulling the brewery wagons. Yet it's been only fifty or sixty years since the county agricultural fair always had popular pulling contests in which the big draft horses competed.

Much of the popularity of the Percheron horse in midwest America was due to Timothy C. Bigelow of Plain City and Camp Chase, Ohio.
15923.7B   Timothy Clippinger BIGELOW, son of Israel 6 ( Isaac 5, Isaac 4,Isaac 3,  Samuel 2, John1) Bigelow and Hannah (KATHAN) BIGELOW, was born 1 Mar 1819 in Lancaster county, PA. The family moved to Plain City, Madison county, OH about 1828. Timothy was one of fifteen children, and struck out on his own when quite young. He married, on 22 Mar 1838, Hannah Marshall of adjoining Clark county. She was born in Clark co, OH on 07 Mar 1819. They settled at Camp Chase, OH (see below), and Timothy became known as a farmer/rancher and horse breeder. Some years later he became interested in the Percheron type workhorse, and formed a business with Dr. Marcus Brown of Circleville. They bought and sold horses under tie name of Brown, Bigelow, & Co. Timothy died at Camp Chase 10 June 1876.

In 1851 Brown purchased in France a two year old named Normandie, and renamed him Pleasant Valley Bill. The popularity of the breed soon spread through Ohio, and in 1867 there were three Ohio firms all engaged in the business of importing Percherons. Bigelow was known as the leading team owner and one of the foremost horsemen of his time.

In 1866, at the World's Fair in Rouen, France, Napoleon #325 was awarded the first premium of his breed. He was a dapple-gray, weighing 1,640 pounds, and achieved his rank in competition with some 500 other stallions. The owner considered the beast as already sold to the imperial stable (as was the custom) and would put no price on him. Brown & Bigelow, however, through the influence of a court member --- most likely American minister John Bigelow --- secured a personal audience with Emperor Napoleon III. From the latter Bigelow obtained an order for the sale of the horse, paying an undisclosed high price.

Along with Napoleon #325, Brown and Bigelow obtained two other Percheron stallions, Black Robert and Duke of France. The three horses formed the nucleus of Bigelow's breeding stock, and the stallions were in constant demand. A history of the breed comments that it is ironic that one of the three (which one is not specified) later attacked Timothy C. Bigelow, and caused fatal injuries. Timothy died at Camp Chase 10 June 1876. His picture is shown at the upper left of the Forge cover.

Timothy and Hannah (Marshall) Bigelow had a large family, though several children died young:

15923.7B1  Franklin  born 24 June 1839; died 28 Jan 1840. 

15923.7B2  Israel J.  born 27 Sept 1840; died 10 Sept 1841. 

15923.7B3  Mathilda  born 28 Dec 1841; died 07 Mar 1861; married 17 Jan 1861 James Norton. 

15923.7B4t  Melissa J. born 14 Nov 1843; died 07 Mar 1861; married 11 Apr 1861 David Martin; lived Columbus, OH. 6 children. 

15923.7B5  Sylvester,  born 29 Oct 1845; died 15 Apr 1852. 

15923.7B6  Cynthia E.,  born 24 Apr 1848; died 26 Jan 1861. 

15923.7B7  William M.  born 20 July 1850; died 10 July 1852. 

15923.7B8t  Medora E., born 12 June 1852; died _______; married 24 May 1877 David Binns; in 1888 had 4 children. 

15923.7B9t  Timothy Lawson, born 27 Aug 1854; living 1917; married 27 Mar 1879 Mary Helen_____; in 1888. Timothy, like his father, was a horse-breeder for many years, and his papers and personal recollections, as taken from A History of the Percheron Horse, Sanders Publishing Co.,1917., are the basis of this article. They had 3 children and lived Columbus, OH: 
   a. Leslie L., born 15 Apr 1880 Camp Chase, OH. 
   b. Hosea B., born 22 Aug 1881 Camp Chase, OH. 
   c. Merrill L., born 18 May 1883 Camp Chase, OH. 

15923.7BA  Smith O.,  born _ Mar 1857; died 09 Jan 1861. 

15923.7BB  Hannah E.,  born 15 Mar 1859; in 1888 single and lived Camp Chase, OH. 

15923.7BC  Mary E..  born 14 Nov 1861; died 26 May 1863. 

Timothy L. Bigelow, the son, is depicted on right from Forge cover. The Bigelow Society would like contact with descendants of either Timothy C. or Timothy L.Bigelow.
Thanks to Cora H. Cole, Fortuna, CA for the photos.

Bigelow Society Genealogy Vol. II Page 141 / 420.
Bigelow Society historian/genealogist records.
Page 24 April 1986 FORGE: The Bigelow society Quarterly Vol. 15, No. 2
Don's article from Forge: http://bigelowsociety.com/TBHorses.html
Don Bigelow scanned page and note below to Don:
 I enjoyed, particularly, your histories of Col. Timothy 4 Bigelow and Timothy C.7 Bigelow, for separate reasons.
 (1) Col. Bigelow, serving with Benedict Arnold's army in Maine, may have been stationed at the home of relatives on my
 maternal (Emery) side, Jonathan (4) Emery, Fairfield, Maine, who lived on the west side of the Kennebec River. In 1775,
 when Arnold was making his famous expedition into Canada, he made his headquarters at J. Emery's home while his boats
 and baggage were being transported over the carrying place to avoid the rapids of the Kennebec River. Jonathan's son,
 David (5) Emery, enlisted with Arnold's Army to Dead River, but later went on to become a bodyguard for Gen. George
 Washington. As for Timothy C. Bigelow, a portion of his history may fit in with my research on the paternal side of my family
 (Martin). Our history (which is severely lacking on the English side of the ocean), states that Philip and his son, Philip R.,
 Martin, were responsible for bringing the Percheron "Louis Napoleon" to America in 1851 (we'd been told 1859, but have
 since read differently). Am curious if your "Napoleon #325" is our "Louis Napoleon," as ours arrived the same time as
 another Percheron, "Normandy(ie)." (Sp. from http://www.percheronhorse.org/history.htm) If this is a definite match, your
 information will prove invaluable to me in writing up our family history. After all, "Louis Napoleon" has become almost like a
 member of the family after all these years! Thank you for your in-depth family history. It was great reading!
 Janis Martin Hansen  email   frogtown@fm-net.com

Old Four Mile House
Timothy C. Bigelow, propritor

Tintype of some of the Doty brothers (John G. with long beard was with the 88th Reg OVI), from South Woodbury, OH
This tin type is believed to be taken at the Four Mile house and the waiter looks like a younger version of Timothy.

Paul Clay wrote:
Paul A. Clay   pclay4@yahoo.com

 I saw your site and thought I would forward you some pictures.
 I have been a historian in the Columbus, Ohio area and grew up in the shadow of Camp Chase. 
 The first picture is of the Four Miles house that Timothy C. Bigelow was the propritor of , I have 1/2 dozen but this is the best. 
 The second is of some of the Doty (John G. with long beard was with the 88th Reg OVI), brothers from South Woodbury, Morrow Co., Ohio
This tin type is believed to be taken at the Four Mile house and the waiter looks like a younger version of Timothy.
He was owner and operated the establishment during the war and and was directly across the National Rd. from Camp Chase, which was a camp of instruction and prison. It burnt down in 1913 but was photographed many times.  It is often quoted as being a part of Camp Chase but was actually outside the walls.  After the camp closed, Quakers purchased the land in the 1870's one of them being a Binns. (which you have recorded).
The area was known as Camp Chase for long after because the Post Office  was named that. Now this is the Hilltop area of Columbus. I remember another assoication to the Zinn family in my readings, but can't remember how.  I will attach several other ca 1880's photos.
they are pretty big files.  & 1875 map to show you location.
It was named the 4 mile house because there were markers on the National road and it was close to the four mile marker.

Four Mile House was located on the north side of Broad Street, across from Camp Chase.
It was owned by Timothy Bigelow and used as one of the officers' headquarters for Camp Chase.
The house was demolished in 1913.Picture taken 1898;
Source: Story of Columbus [OH977.13 C72st p.30]

Other views of Four Mile House.
Source: The Men and Women of Camp Chase, Hilltop Historical Society May 28, 1861:

AL page 97
Ohio State Journal
By the end of April Camp Jackson was so over crowded that it was necessary to find another location. . On May 28, 1861 workmen where engaged in taking down the barracks for the purpose of removing [them] to a new camp to be organized four miles west of the city. It is to be a regular camp. It will contain one hundred acres. It is plowed, harrowed and rolled smooth and will make a good place for drilling purposes. The Camp thus referred to, comprising a total of 160 acres, was under National - not state - control, and began to be occupied about June 1. "
The land that the camp was built on was very flat recently cleared farm land with several sluggish creeks or run offs which ran from west to east in parallel of the National Road. It had one time been used as a Horse Racing Track, and was opposite The Four Mile House. The Land was owned by Michael Sullivant until January 1861. Michael was selling his Franklin County Lands to buy land in Illinois. Michael sold the land to a Kentuckian named John G. Holloway. Holloway leased the land to the Federal Government. The Camp was under Federal, not State control and was laid out by William Rosecrans , under the command of General George B. McClellan. The building were made of rough wood planks, which stood on wooden stilts to raise it above ground.


Modified - 10/29/2007
(c) Copyright 2007 Bigelow Society, Inc. All rights reserved.
Rod  Bigelow - Director

Rod Bigelow (Roger Jon12 BIGELOW)
Box 13    Chazy Lake
Dannemora, N.Y. 12929