John Milton 7 BIGELOW


16814.12  John Milton 7 BIGELOW, son of  Marshall 6 ( Roger 5 , Joseph 4, Joseph 3, Joshua 2,John 1) and Elizabeth (HILL) BIGELOW, was born in Peru, Bennington co, VT, 23 June 1804. After the War of 1812 he moved with his parents to OH. He married in November 1832 in Fairfield county, OH Maria L. Meiers, the daughter of H. Meiers, Esq., of Lancaster, Ohio. John was a surgeon, botanist, explorer and is known for his treatise on grasses of OH and another book on the flowering plants of OH. He also is known for identifying and classifying plants of the Southwest from his trips for the Army and the railroads in the 1850's. He died at Detroit, Wayne, MI on 18 July 1878. From the 1850 census of Lancaster, Fairfield, OH, we determine the children as follows:
 
Children of John and Maria (Meiers) Bigelow, all born in OH:
 
16814.121     Henry, b ca 1834.
 
16814.122     John G., b ca 1836.
 
16814.123     Rachel E., b ca 1838.
 
16814.124     James M., b ca 1840.
 
16814.125     William L., b ca 1842.
 
16814.126     Francis C., b ca 1844.
 
16814.127     Mary B., b ca 1846.
 
16814.128     Cordelia, b ca 1848.
 
Sources:
Bigelow Family Genealogy Volume. II page.257;
Bigelow Family Genealogy Volume. I ;
Howe, Bigelow Family of America;
1850 census Lancaster, OH.
Ohio History
Volume 51 Ohio History
OHIO MEDICAL HISTORY, 1835-58
DR. JOHN MILTON BIGELOW, 1804-1878
AN EARLY OHIO PHYSICIAN--BOTANIST   By A. E. WALLER*
     Meeting the name Bigelow in botanical publication the reader is sometimes confused. The name of John M. Bigelow, the subject of this paper is close to John Bigelow a journalist and newspaper correspondent of New York City of the same period and also to a Dr. Henry Jacob Bigelow interested in anesthetics of whom this paper will make no further mention, as well as to Dr. Jacob Bigelow of Massachusetts.
     Dr. Jacob Bigelow 1 requires a brief notice here since he is more frequently mistaken for John M. Dr. Jacob Bigelow in 1814 published a list of the plants growing in the vicinity of Boston under the title Florula Bostonensis. It became a popular work for all those persons wanting a small guide book to the plants of the area and it passed through three editions. It followed the Linnean Sexual System for naming plants. The 1824 edition is sometimes offered for sale as a literary curiosity, having the reputation of being the last work published in the United States which followed the Linnean system.          Dr. Jacob Bigelow also authored the American Medical Botany, a recognized forerunner of the modern American pharmacopoeia establishing the
standard practice for the current Food and Drug Acts. Three volumes of this work were published between 1818 and 1820. As a result of this great editorial labor Dr. Jacob Bigelow was the correspondent of a number of scientific men in European countries. The Swiss botanist, De Candolle, honored and commemorated his name by applying it to a newly discovered golden rod.
     Dr. Asa Gray of Harvard described several American species in this genus, Bigelovia. Dr. Jacob Bigelow's name is to that extent perpetuated for the botanists. By the rules of priority followed in naming plants, the creation of this genus automatically prevented John M. Bigelow having any of the genera he discovered named in his honor. There are a number of species, new to science when he collected them, carrying his name. Even the most virtuous, however, are not above folly. It does not harm the memory of Dr. Jacob Bigelow now to record that once he was a member of a committee of Boston citizens who solemnly listened to statements of eight persons who swore they had seen a sea serpent off the Massachusetts coast. In all seriousness the committee prepared a pamphlet from these hearings and sent it off to the distinguished explorer and sea captain, Sir Joseph Banks, in 1817. Astonished but canny, Sir Joseph replied, as might the scientist of today under similar circumstances, that "future observation will no doubt clear up" the remarks noted in the pamphlet.
     This connection with the Atlantic seaboard and Europe will or should be sufficient to clear up the confusion between Jacob Bigelow and John M. Bigelow. For John M. spent all but a few years of his life in Ohio and Michigan, and his botanical collections cover the southwest and include Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California, as well as his early work in central Ohio.
     Dr. John M. Bigelow's birth reputedly occurred in Peru, Bennington County, Vermont, June 23, 1804. 2 In 1815 his father moved to Licking County, Ohio, near or in Granville, where he had his boyhood schooling. This was meager and the family was poor. Young John was a voracious reader and spent time poring over any books he could obtain. Legend also drapes him with the familiar garments of a boyish school teacher by which means he earned enough money to attend and receive a diploma March 8, 1832, from the Medical College of Ohio at Cincinnati.
     In November, 1832, he married Maria L. Meiers, daughter of H. Meiers, Esq., of Lancaster, Ohio. At the Medical College of Ohio, Dr. John Leonard Riddell 3 was professor of botany and adjunct professor of chemistry between 1830 and 1836. It may well have been this mentor's enthusiasm that was communicated to John M. Bigelow and inspired in him a love of plants that was to remain with him throughout his life. Dr. Riddell's Synopsis of the Flora of the Western States published in 1835, together with a supplementary Ohio list is the first catalog of Ohio plants
published by a resident botanist. There is, however, no written testimony to prove this interesting teacher-pupil relation.
     The first public record of Bigelow's medical practice is from the Lancaster, Ohio, Gazette and Enquirer of January 2, 1834. It reads, "Dr. J. M. Bigelow has removed his office to his dwelling on Columbus Street, a few doors south of General Sanderson's residence." A small but thoughtful notice establishing a young medical practitioner in a distinguished neighborhood. He was about 30 years old, and was beginning to take his place in the community. Similar notices of changes of address, probably because of the increases in the size of his family or because he was seeking a more convenient office and of medical partnerships formed and dissolved are to be found in the Lancaster newspapers between 1834 and 1860. It is thus known that he was associated in a partnership with Dr. Robert McNeil in 1844-1845. This is the younger Robert McNeil who, in 1847, became a surgeon in the Mexican War. Again in 1856 he formed a partnership with Dr. G. W. Boerstler which lasted for two years. Dr. Boerstler was a founder of the Ohio State Medical Society, and active throughout his long life as a Lancaster physician.
     Aside from the assumption that the partnerships displayed
good sense in increasing his office practice, what we now know of
Dr. Bigelow indicates that he had his own reasons for wishing to
be away from his office. We do not know exactly how remu-
nerative or absorbing his work with his patients may have been.
We do know that he was developing another sort of work that
was to demand a share of his time. His other love was botaniz-
3 Clara Armstrong, "Plant Names Commemorative of Ohio Botanists," Ohio
Naturalist (January, 1901).

2 W. B. Atkinson, Physicians and Surgeons of U. S. (Philadelphia, 1878)
* Papers from the Department of Botany, Ohio State University, No. 449.
1 Howard Kelly, Some American Medical Botanists (Troy, New York, 1914).
 

Modified - 12/10/2005
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Rod  Bigelow - Director
  rodbigelow@netzero.net

Rod Bigelow
Box 13  Chazy Lake
Dannemora, N.Y. 12929
rodbigelow@netzero.net 

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